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Full Details for Lot 373

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Sale 38 Lot 373

UNION PRISONERS WILL BE HELD IN COLUMBIA Important A.L.S., 1p. 4to., "Clerk's Office", Columbia, SC, Oct. 25, 1861 to Gov. FRANCIS W. PICKENS in which the capitol city's government agrees for the first time to hold Union prisoners. In part: "...At a meeting of the City Council of Columbia held on the 25th inst...it was 'Resolved' That the City Council do not object to a number of Federal prisoners be brought here for safe keeping provided the government furnish the necessary & proper guard...". Signed at conclusion by City Clerk D. B. Miller. On verso Pickens endorses the letter and initials his response: "Col. Moses will write & say - I cannot consent to any further exemptions except in council - I am willing the same number shall be excepted from both offices. Gen. Gist agrees with me in this. F. W. P.". Very good. P.O.W. Camp Sorghum would be established in Columbia in 1862, where up to 1,700 Union officers were held under harsh conditions. The camp consisted of a 5-acre tract of open field, without walls, fences, buildings, or any other facilities. A "deadline" was established by laying wood planks 10 feet inside the camp's boundaries. The camp was deactivated with the remaining POWs (about 500) being moved to a much more secure and hospitable facility, the State Lunatic Asylum (hence the nicknames Camp Lunacy and Camp Asylum) in December, 1864 from whence they were liberated.
Estimate $ 400-600

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