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Sale 38 Lot 445

SLAVERY IN ALABAMA An uncommon archive of 63 separate legal documents dealing with slaves in Alabama in the 1820s through the 1850s, each one page (recto and verso), 4to. or legal folio, most partly-printed although a few are manuscript throughout. Consisting of estate settlements, property liens and court costs which are conventionally figured in dollar amounts on the front, on the verso however, the sum stated is paid in or backed by human property. A typical example can be found in an 1850 case wherein Benjamin Sherrod, deceased, owed John Pruitt, Richard Pruitt and A. Garner $1475. Sherrod's executors are directed by the sheriff to deliver "Bill, Phil & Ben, Negro Men" to the court in order to settle the deceased's accounts. Each of these documents ties slaves to their owners, listing them by name and, in some cases, their ages are given as well. An excellent research grouping that illuminates the "peculiar institution" in one small corner of the South. Accompanied by the following additional slavery related documents: Manuscript D.S., 1p., 2" x 7', July 24, 1810, n.p., William Jackson pays A.M. Clifton $20.10 for the hire of a "black boy"; Manuscript D.S., 1p., Oct. 26, 1838, Virginia, bill of sale for "a certain female negro slave named Lucy & her son Joshua"; Manuscript document, 1p., 4to, March 20, 1848, n.p., bill of sale for "Two Negros, Rosa & child"; Manuscript document, 2pp., 8vo., Sept., 1813, Maryland, bill of sale for "21 negroes" to Ignatius Davis of Frederick County; Manuscript document, 2pp., 8vo., n.p., Oct. 16, 1795, a "Memo of Obligations" due one Ambrose Spencer. Listed are the names of nine individuals and the amounts which they owe to Ambrose; Printed D.S., 1p., 8vo., Aug. 26, 1866, Alabama, a marriage license for Thomas Harris and Priscilla Puryear. Alabama became a state in 1819. After the Indian wars of the 1830s pushed Native Americans out of the state, white settlers arrived in large numbers. Wealthy planters created large cotton plantations based in the fertile central Black Belt, which depended on the labor of enslaved African Americans. Tens of thousands of slaves were transported and marketed in the state by slave traders who purchased them in the Upper South. By 1860 African Americans comprised 45% of the state's population. Alabama seceded and joined the Confederate States of America from 1861 to 1865. The slaves were freed in 1865. Usual wear as expected with some minor stains but overall the entire group is in very good or better condition. Certainly worthy of additional investigation.
Estimate $ 7,000-8,000

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