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Sale 38 Lot 8A

SAMUEL A. OTIS,
(1740 - 1814) American statesman, a framer of Massachusetts' constitution who also negotiated with Shays and in 1788 was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. Important partly-printed D.S. "Sam: A. Otis" as Secretary of the Senate, 2pp. folio., New York, Jan. 4, 1790, a scarce printed act of Congress "...for giving effect to the several Acts...in respect to the State of North Carolina, and other purposes..." The act outlines the five revenue districts for the State of North Carolina, specifying the ports in each one, specifying which ports would be equipped to handle foreign vessels, and other regulations in respect to legislation passed during 1789. The reason this piece of legislation was enacted in the first place was that North Carolina was the second to last state of the original thirteen to ratify the Constitution. The first state convention in 1788 voted to reject the document throwing the North Carolina into political limbo as her neighbors ratified the document. Faced with the prospect of part of the state seceding to join the Union, North Carolina leaders called a second convention, held on November 21, 1789, which ratified the Constitution. Because North Carolina was not bound by the Constitution during the first session of the First Congress, the laws passed during that session did not apply to that state. Only one other state, Rhode Island, would hold out longer, reserving it's approval for the new federal union until May 29, 1790, after it was threatened with having its exports taxed as imports into the United States! Interestingly enough, the text of this act includes a little salvo aimed at the Ocean State: "And be it further enacted, that the second section of the act, entitled, 'An act to suspend part of an act, entitled, an act to regulate the collection of duties imposed by law, on the tonnage of ships or vessels...imported into the United Sates...' passed the sixteenth day of September last, shall, with respect to the inhabitants and citizens of the state of Rhode-Island and Providence-Plantations, be revived..." Countersigned by House Clerk, JOHN BECKLEY and bearing the printed signatures of Washington and Adams. Early congressional imprints laying the foundations for basic administration under the recently-ratified federal Constitution of 1787 are quite scarce and highly desirable among collectors. Partial fold separations, lightly toned at extreme margins, else fine condition.
Estimate $ 800-1,200

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