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Sale 38 Lot 816

RICHARD RUSH (1780 - 1859) American politician, Attorney General (1814-17) and Secretary of State (1817) who helped devise the Monroe Doctrine. Fine content A.L.S. "R.R.", 4pp. 4to, Toledo, Apr. 19, 1835, to his wife on negotiations on the Michigan-Ohio boundary dispute, and the untamed nature of the territory around them. In part: "...The place where I now am is 20 miles South of Monroe, and is precisely in the disputed district, Ohio and Michigan each claiming it as belonging to them...The parties to the contest about it are still much exasperated, and the danger of collision is not yet over, though we are striving to ward it off. I think it probable that, tomorrow or next day we shall find it necessary to go again to Governor Lucas, who is now fifty miles west of us, at Fort Defiance, the Northwest extremity of Ohio. If we go there it will take us over Wayne's battle ground with the Indians...The remains of the Indian race however still linger about this vicinity, and even now, in my sight, are two canoes each with two Indians in it, on the Miami, steering with their blanket sail for a little settlement they have on its banks a few miles off....If I could only secure peace between these furious combatants I shall return quite happy, but of this I am not yet quite sure. The whole region around us has been battle ground. It was only last week that I was on the banks of the river Raisin where, or very near to where, that shocking massacre took place of our troops during the War when Captain Hart was butchered...". Much more, including a poem on the final page of the letter written by Rush. While the text of the letter is signed "R.R.", the poem on the final page, is signed by Rush in full. An unusual piece, very good to fine. The Toledo War (1835-1836), also known as the Ohio-Michigan War, was the bloodless boundary dispute between the U.S. state of Ohio and the adjoining territory of Michigan. The dispute originated from varying interpretations of conflicting state and federal legislation, passed between 1787 and 1805, which in turn resulted largely from a poor understanding of the location of certain features of the Great Lakes. This caused the governments of Ohio and Michigan to both claim sovereignty over a 468 square mile (1,210 km=) region along the border, now known as the Toledo Strip. When Michigan pressed for statehood in the early 1830s it sought to include the disputed territory within its boundaries but Ohio's Congressional delegation was able to halt Michigan's admission to the Union. In December 1836 the Michigan territorial government, facing a dire financial crisis, surrendered the land under pressure from Congress and President Andrew Jackson and accepted a proposed resolution adopted in the U.S.
Estimate $ 200-300

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