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Sale 38 Lot 99

PENNSYLVANIA AND THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
Good content manuscript D.S. by ship owner "Levi Hollingsworth" and merchant "Michael Kimmell" 1p. legal folio, Philadelphia, May 2, 1782, a petition "To his Excellency the President...of the State of Pennsylvania", from a group of Philadelphia citizens concerning the confusing import duties imposed by the state. In part: "...Your petitioners, one of them from ignorance and the others from a want of recollection; without any intention of defrauding the State of the duties wisely laid on all imported Marchandize [sic] for the defence [sic] of the Bay and River Delaware landed a quantity of Sugar, from the Delaware State, without reporting them at the Naval Office and giving bond for payment of duty as requir'd by Law[.] That the owner of the Shallop whose duty it was to have known that the entry of Sugars was made at the Naval Office, was so thoroughly engaged with other business that he did not recollect that an entry should be made in the present instance until too late, and his Skipper, thro' Stupidity, neglected to do so... " Haphazard import duties imposed by individual states were some of the more glaring flaws in the American Union as defined by the Articles of Confederation. Not only did states levy their own import duties, they issued their own currencies, thus further hindering commerce. These difficulties combined with Congress' inability to compel the states to contribute financially to the Union and a tax revolt in western Massachusetts compelled many to seek revisions in the Articles that would result in the Constitution of 1787. Light folds, rough margins, else fine content. Offered together with CHARLES BIDDLE (1745-1821) father of bank president Nicholas Biddle. Manuscript D.S. 1p. oblong 4to., Philadelphia, July 27, 1787, an order to Treasurer David Rittenhouse to "Pay to John Armstrong junr Esquire or order the sum of one hundred and seven pounds...in part of his salary as Secretary to Council..." Countersigned by Robert Morris crony JOHN NICHOLSON. Lightly toned at folds, mounted along left margin, else very good. Together, two pieces..
Estimate $ 300-400

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