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Sale 38 Lot 843

LAVRENTY PAVLOVICH BERIA(1899 - 1953) Russian politician, the dreaded head of Stalin's security agency, the NKVD, who oversaw the Great Purge of 1934-38 and ordered the deaths of thousands. Unable to resist the power of his position, Beria sought to succeed Stalin and was in turn tried and executed himself. An important grouping of three D.S.'s (one signed with initials), all concerning relations with, and the eventual downfall of Armenian Communist Party Head Khandzhyan. The first document is signed in full, 1p. legal folio, [Caucasus Communist Party Headquarters], Sept. 14, 1935, in which Beria writes to Khandzhyan setting forth the structure of party headquarters in the Armenian capital of Erevan and listing the number of Communist functionaries to be placed in city and factory locations and asking that district party leaders be organized immediately. The second D.S. was sent to Beria and Khandzhyan from the Caucasus People's Committee of Finance, 1p. legal folio, Jan. 13,1936, declaring that the Armenian immigration committee had been illegally setting price increases, selling building material on the black market, and so on, and asks that a criminal investigation be opened. At top, Beria writes: "You must discuss this subject in the Armenia Central Committee and declare the decision to the regional party commission. L.P.B.". The third document is the most interesting, 5pp. legal folio, [Armenia], May 23, 1937, to Beria as Secretary of the Central Committee of the Georgian Communist Party. The letter is signed by the five NKVD operatives who herein condemn Khandzhan and his supporters. In part: "...After learning of the arrests of counter-revolutionary Trotsky-loving traitors Otyan, Yengybaryan and Arrisian, we are advising you of their associate Goumedin who is now Commissioner of Agriculture of Armenia...Judging from the investigation files, they are protecting each other and they are defending traitor of the nation Khandzhan by claiming he made simple mistakes...We consider Goumedin to be playing both sides. He is a partner in the counter-revolutionary Trotsky-oriented work of Otyan, Yengybaryan, and their gang...[we ask] for your orders...". At top Beria writes: "To the Central Committee, personally to Comrade Amatuny. L. Beria 27/5/37". Files holes at left, light soil and wear. A fascinating insight into one small aspect of the Stalin purges of the Thirties and Beria's role therein. Khandzhyan would end up a suicide, and the entire party leadership was dismantles.
Estimate $ 2,000-3,000

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