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Sale 38 Lot 31

JOSEPH GALLOWAY(1731-1803) Loyalist. Speaker of the Pennsylvania Legislature and early member of the Continental Congress and opposed to outright independence, he left Congress. During the British occupation of Philadelphia, he served as the city's civil administrator. Scarce L.S. 2pp. legal folio, [Philadelphia], Mar. 12, 1772. In part: "To the Honourable Richard Penn Esquire Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Pennsylvania. The Address of the Representatives of the Freeman of the said Province...We the Representatives of the Freemen of the Province of Pennsylvania in Assembly met, having received repeated complaints against Charles Jolly, Esquire, one of the Justices of the Peace for the County of Philadelphia, charging him with divers Misdemeanors and corrupt Practices in his public Offices, and heard the Witnesses & Proofs in his Presence, as well for as against him, and being fully convinced that regardless of the important Trust reposed in him by Government for the Safety of the People, & influenced by an avaricious and corrupt Disposition, he hath greatly oppressed diverse of His Majesty's Subjects in the said County by issuing original Process & thereupon an Execution, without finding any Debt due, or passing Judgment, in a Case where he had no Jurisdiction, in granting Warrants & proceeding to Judgments and Executions against one Person for the Debts of another, in entering Judgment against the Party without hearing him, or giving him an Opportunity of being heard, and in marrying Persons without any Publication of the Banns of Matrimony contrary to Law...". The same day, Penn replied that he would "...take such notice of your address Requesting the removal of Charles Jolly...as I hope will prove satisfactory to the House...". (Minutes of the Provincial Council of Pennsylvania, Vol. X, p. 31) Jolly had been a justice of the peace since 1767 (Scharf, History of Pennsylvania, p. 1562) He was soon convicted for "diverse misdemeanors and corrupt Practices" noted. Although Galloway was an opponent of independence, he was a proponent of American rights within the British Empire and even supported the non-importation movement in the wake of the Townshend duties. Marginal chips with minor loss, weak at folds and reinforced on verso, left margin reinforced with silk, else very good.
Estimate $ 1,500-2,000

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