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Full Details for Lot 167

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Sale 38 Lot 167

JEFFERSON DAVIS(1808 - 1889) President of the Confederacy who led his armies beyond the surrender at Appomattox. Important war-date document endorsed by Davis: "Ack[nowledged] & thank J. D.", 2pp. 4to., [Richmond], Nov. 17, 1862. Davis' acknowledgement appears on the verso of an A.L.S. to him from LUCIUS J. GARTRELL (1821-1891) Confederate brigadier general and colonel of the 7th Georgia Inf. at Bull Run, where his son was killed. He also commanded a brigade of Georgia Reserves in South Carolina, and was wounded at Coosawhatchie. In this letter, Gartrell writes Davis as Representative of the 8th District of Georgia. In part: "...I telegraphed you the decision of the Supreme Court of this State holding the Conscription Act constitutional. Enclosed please find a synopsis of that decision. Our people...are greatly pleased with the decision. Governor Brown has met with a severe but deserved rebuke which it is to be hoped will make him a wiser and better man...". Very good. The first general American military draft was enacted by the Confederate government on April 16, 1862, more than a year before the federal government did the same. The Confederacy took this step because it had to: its territory was being assailed on every front by overwhelming numbers, and the defending armies needed men to fill the ranks. Many Southerners, including the governors of Georgia and North Carolina, were vehemently opposed to the draft and worked to thwart its effect in their states. Thousands of men were exempted by the sham addition of their names to the civil servant rolls or by their enlistment in the state militias. As a matter of fact, 92% of all exemptions for state service came from Georgia and North Carolina, so it is no wonder that Gartrell and Davis were so pleased when Brown was defeated by his state's highest court.
Estimate $ 2,000-3,000

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