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Sale 38 Lot 576

JAMES BUCHANAN (1791 - 1868) Fifteenth President of the United States whose hands-off attitude toward states' rights directly contributed to the start of the Civil War. Important content A.L.S. "James Buchanan", 1p. 8vo., Wheatland, Apr. 9, 1864 to Democratic Congressman Anson Herrick, a staunch foe of Lincoln, abolition and the ongoing war between the states. In part: "...Many thanks for your speech on the 'Disunion policy of the Administration' which I have just received...I shall read it with much interest as the production of an old personal & political friend. Although I have withdrawn from any active participation in public affairs; yet I feel as deep an interest as I ever did in the fate of my country & in the ascendancy of the principles of the glorious old Democracy in the administration of its Government...". Very good. Ex-President James Buchanan maintained formal support of the Lincoln administration, even as he actively corresponded with staunch Lincoln critics in his own Democratic party. In the March 26th speech to which this letter refers, the New York Times paraphrased Herrick as declaring: "...Every soldier killed was murdered by the Administration, and every dollar spent was so much abstracted and lost to the honest labor of the country. It was the first and most imperative duty of the Administration to bring the war to a close; if they fail to do so, they were morally guilty of treason...". Hence Buchanan, largely responsible for the onset of the war, here supports one of its greatest critics.
Estimate $ 4,000-5,000

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