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Sale 38 Lot 940A

GUADALUPE VICTORIA(1786 - 1843) Born José Miguel Ramón Adaucto Fernández y Félix. Mexican revolutionary soldier who fought for independence against Spain in the Mexican War of Independence and later became the first President of Mexico. In 1811 he joined the revolution proclaimed by Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and fought under José María Morelos. After Morelos' execution he joined forces with Vicente Guerrero and fought in the regions of Veracruz and Puebla. After his defeat near the town of Palmillas, Veracruz, he remained hidden in the mountains until Agustín de Iturbide and Guerrero issued the Plan de Iguala, which called for an independent Mexico governed by a constitutional monarchy. Firmly republican, he supported Santa Anna and signed the Plan de Casa Mata with the purpose to overthrow Emperor Iturbide. He became the first president of Mexico after the overthrow of Emperor Iturbide. Victoria chose his new name for symbolic significance: "Guadalupe" to give thanks to what he claimed was the protection of Our Lady of Guadalupe, and "Victoria", which means victory. During his tenure he abolished slavery, established the "Colegio Militar" (Military Academy), and signed diplomatic treaties with all major powers. Historic A.L.S. "Guadalupe Victoria", 2pp. legal folio, Vera Curz, Nov. 29, 1823, to the newly-formed Congress of Mexico. In part: "... "Fortunately the happy day has arrived in which this truly great Nation reunites by means of its dignified representatives, they being the Iris of Peace which announces to us the clearing of the storm that for so long has threatened us...I foresee the end of the misfortunes that for the span of three centuries have afflicted my disgraced Fatherland... May [God], through the medium of our Sovereignty, outline the foundations which will elevate this Nascent Republic to the highest level of perfection and grandeur that mortals have ever seen: utilizing virtue, the sciences, the arts in place of the vices, the ignorance and the abandonment which has usurped them and may our measures ultimately be so enlightened that we endeavor to soon be the model of cultured peoples...Dios y Libertad...". Some dampstaining with a 2" toned area at center, still entirely easily legible and otherwise very good. In 1821, Agustín de Iturbide proclaimed himself emperor. On March 19, 1823, Iturbide abdicated under duress and eventually agreed to leave the country without a fight, leading to the establishment of the United Mexican States. Iturbide fled to Europe, at which time Victoria penned this letter. In 1824, amid growing instability, the Mexican government decided Iturbide was still a threat to their power and decreed that should he ever set foot in Mexico again, he would be executed. Prior to news of this reaching him in London, Agustín decided to return in the hope of helping calm the growing instability and landed in Soto la Marina, Tamaulipas, on July 15, 1824. He was immediately arrested, and soon after executed, by the local authorities in the town of Padilla. On Oct. 10, 1824, Victoria was sworn-in as Mexico's first President.
Estimate $ 4,000-5,000

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