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Sale 38 Lot 290

EYEWITNESS AT THE BATTLE OF BELMONT Fine soldier's eyewitness account of the Battle of Belmont, 8pp. 8vo., Fort Holt, Ky., Nov. 9, 1861 in which Quartermaster William Brown, Jr. writes his parents describing the carnage. In part: "...Our Regiment & 7 Companies of the 28th Ills. & McAllisters Artillery went from Fort Holt. We halted at Elliotts Mills at 12 o'clock and planted our artillery at the junction of the Blanfield and Columbus road to intercede reinforcements and cut off retreats. Meanwhile the Troops at Hunters farm were having an awful fight and we could hear all the awful booming of the heavy guns from Gun Boats & Batteries. The vollies of musketry and occasionally the shrieks and commands above all would faintly reach our ears...Amid all this we were held fast by the orders of Genl Grant, and you may be assured that angry curses and bitter regrets were loud and deep...The first shot we heard was about 8 am and was on 84 - from the Gun Boat 'Conestoga' and was immediately followed by broadside after broadside...the rebels came up in a large force and would have cleaned us out as we were the only troops on our side of the river and some 4 miles back in the woods from the river. The No of our forces was about 5000 engaged. The Rebels had 7000 in the first battle & were slaughtered & their camp destroyed two cannon captured and 300 prisoners taken. But unexpectedly they were reinforced and we were then forced to retreat But actually gaining the day our loss was 75 killed 157 wounded and 200 missing probably prisoners. Col. Daugherty, of 22nd Ills. was wounded & taken prisoner. A. Col. I believe of 7th Iowa was wounded early in the action and disabled. The Lt. Col. then took Command & was almost immediately killed. The Major then took comd and was wounded. Thus the Senior Captain took comd and was almost immediately shot. This Regt was awfully cut up. Col Cook went down with Gen. Grant to day to the field of battle with a flag of truce to bury the dead and see to the wounded. They found 64 dead bodies and buried them, but brought up all the officers. The officers and most of the men were stripped of everything and left entirely naked, and from those they did not strip they even cut off their buttons and took the caps coats & shoes. The wounded were brought up on the boats after the battle and I saw them as they landed, and are awful sight it was. They were awfully shattered with the terrible Minnie ball. The Rebels were better armed than our forces .. but poorly clothed no uniform at all not even half the officers - The report of Col Cook is that they had buried 278 up to the line he came away (5 o'clock PM.) and were still finding them all the time. Their wounded was 350 according to their own story. We took 300 prisoners and a harder looking set you never saw. No uniform & looked like Mississippi River Deck hands. - Our boys fired high and almost all of the Rebels were shot in the head. Our men were shot in the legs...". Very good. Brown would be shot in the breast and killed at Corinth on Oct. 10, 1862. The Battle of Belmont was fought on November 7, 1861 and was the first test in combat for Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant.
Estimate $ 600-800

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