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Sale 38 Lot 276

1864 MASSACHUSETTS ARTILLERYMAN'S ILLUSTRATED DIARY A great 1864 Union artilleryman's leather-bound pocket diary, illustrated by the soldier with a finely detailed American flag, cannon and a 6th Corps artillery style corps badge, in pencil by Pvt. William Hutchinson, 1st Massachusetts Light Artillery, 6th Corps, Army of the Potomac. From Dorchester, Ma., Hutchinson enlisted at age 18 in 1861 and fought throughout the war with his units at the battles of Gaines Mills, Fredericksburg and Cold Harbor. He survived the war and died at Dorchester in August 1902. Hutchinson's diary his 1864 enlistment from Jan. 1 through August 29, 1864, and fills nearly 125 pps. recounting the adventurous role his battery played in Grant's spring Overland campaign until the opening of operations in the upper Shenandoah. In very small part: "...[Jan. 6]...Capt. left here for Boston to recruit for the battery...[Jan. 9]...went with a detail after horse...to Brandy Stn. and got the horses there...[Jan. 13]...harnessed up right section and went across Hazle river after corduroy for the stables...[Feb. 6]...orders to be ready to march at 8 o'clock...could hear heavy firing all day in the direction of the Rapidan...[Feb. 14]...had a brigade review by Gen. Sedgwick...[Mar. 15]...soaked harnesses and put them together. Put up harness racks...[Mar. 21]...went over Hazle river, target shooting with two pieces...[Apr. 18]...had a corps review by Gen. Grant. Gone nearly all day...[May 4]...marched at 4 a. m. crossed the Rapidan...and went into camp...[May 5]...went about a mile and stopped to guard a road till Burnside came up...fighting began about 10 a. m. and continued till night...[May 8]...have been marching all night. Came up to where the advance was engaged...near Spotsylvania C. H. very hard infantry fighting in the evening...[May 9]...went up...with one Section...engaged for about an hour...under sharpshooters fire all day...Gen. Sedgwick killed...[May 10]...engaged nearly all day two men wounded, lieutenant [Jacob Federhem] and sergeant [John H. Burnham]...[May 12]...hard fighting all day and most of the night. Changed position two or three times...[May 18]...moved...towards the right where there was fighting going on. Stopped by order of Gen. Grant...[May 22]...marched again. Got to Guiney's station about noon. Unhitched for an hour...and then marched...ten miles...[May 23]...camped for the night within half mile of North Anna river...[May 30]...marched about 4 a. m. went about 5 miles to the Va. Central R. R. where the infantry destroyed the track then came back to the Mechanicsville road...[June 1]...marched about one o'clock a. m. and got to Coal Harbor about noon. Fighting going on. Went in about four and fired about 150 rounds had one man wounded...[June 2]...remained in position all day. Fired some. Had one man wounded [Samuel Hook, teamster]...[June 5]...still remained in the same position not much fighting till after dark when the enemy made an attack. We had one man killed, David S. Morse...[June 7]...got relieved by the caisson horses at noon...went out and grazed horses...[June 15]...crossed the James on pontoons about 10 a. m. about ten miles below Harrison Landing...[June 17]...marched on to within six miles of Petersburg where we halted...[June 18]...moved up into the breastworks where the cannoneers worked all night digging...[June 19]...fired a few rounds...[June 29]...went about seven or eight miles to the Weldon and Richmond RR where we went into position...while the infantry were tearing up the track...[July 8]...hitched up and moved the pieces out to the front about 500 yrds...[July 10]...got to City Point soon after day break...[July 11]...got aboard...the Hero of Jersey. Started down the James...[July 16]...went through Poolesville [Maryland] and crossed the Potomac at White's ford...camped on the Bull Run mountains...[July 18]...crossed through Snicker's gap...came up with Hunter fighting on the Shenandoah river...Aug. 17]...halted near Winchester...and about five miles beyond and went into camp...[Aug. 21]...Rebels mad an attack on the camp. Skirmishing all day. Went into position...Capt. [William H. McCartney] went home...[Aug. 22]...moved again...towards the left of the line to support the 8th Corps. Some skirmishing...[Aug. 28]...moved slowly and got to our old camp at Charlestown...[Aug. 29]...mustered out of the service. Marched to Harper's Ferry...[Sept. 2]...got home in the morning [took] cars to Boston...". Very good to fine.
Estimate $ 2,000-3,000

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